History of Fort Calhoun Station site

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This aerial photo shows the approximate relationship of the town of Desoto to OPPD's nuclear plant site. Part of the town extended up on the bluffs in the background. The river changed course several times after the town became extinct, and the OPPD plant is built on land reclaimed by nature.

Imagine standing on a rise overlooking the area near the Missouri River in 1804. As far as the eye can see stretches hundreds of acres of what can only be described as lush, green hills and land ripe for planting.

Others have told you that the area is also a good place to hunt and fish.

Imagine your name is Meriwether Lewis. Along with close friend William Clark, you are leading a select group of volunteers across the western portion of the United States. Your goal is to explore this newly acquired, but uncharted, territory. The effort will forever be known as the Lewis and Clark Expedition. As you stand there, you can only imagine the possibilities.

Fast forward 152 years later. That same expanse of land now hosts something that Lewis or Clark could scarcely imagine. The lush hills have been replaced by a nuclear power generating plant: Fort Calhoun Nuclear Station, an imposing nuclear facility with a generating capacity of 478.1 megawatts.

historical significance

The plant is now undergoing decommissioning, but for more than 40 years, Fort Calhoun Station has generated electricity, helping to serve the needs of OPPD customers.

OPPD constructed the plant on 204 acres purchased from George and Belva Stanley and William Gustin. The construction costs for the plant would eventually top $178 million. The original plan envisioned three generating units at the site, but the district later scaled things back to the single unit that still stands.

Seymour Smith, then-retired Omaha lawyer and former city attorney, served as a primary source for the original 1973 article. Smith grew up on a farm in the Desoto area, and was knowledgeable on the history of Washington County. His grandfather, Charles Seltz, was one of the first storekeepers in DeSoto.
Seymour Smith, then-retired Omaha lawyer and former city attorney, served as a primary source for the original 1973 article. Smith grew up on a farm in the Desoto area, and was knowledgeable on the history of Washington County. His grandfather, Charles Seltz, was one of the first storekeepers in DeSoto.

The historical significance of the plant property goes back much further than those 40 years. Located in Washington County, a good part of the site’s interesting history includes what was known as the riverfront town of Desoto. That history was explored in-depth in the August 1973 issue of Flash magazine, OPPD’s employee magazine.

As the article detailed, prehistoric man and his animals first roamed the land 10,000 to 25,000 years ago. Over the years, it would become a crossroads for Native American tribes, fur traders, missionaries, explorers and settlers who frequented the area.

The site would eventually embrace a number of various ventures, including a military garrison, trading post, bustling commercial center, and finally a failed town settlement. The town’s demise stemmed from news of gold strikes in Colorado and a railroad that chose to locate elsewhere. That town was Desoto.

military history

The military garrison was Fort Atkinson, the first U.S. military post west of the Missouri River. Established in 1820, military leaders abandoned the fort in 1827. When the soldiers left, traders, trappers and other frontier people remained to ply their trade along the river. Then came the missionaries, more explorers, farmers and those looking for a new start. By 1854, a town had sprung up. A year later the town incorporated as Desoto.

Named after the Spanish explorer, Hernando De Soto, you could say Desoto was a “steam boating” town.

Steam boating on the river was in its heyday. Desoto provided an excellent landing spot for both passengers and goods. Some intrepid entrepreneurs promoted the town as the “New Gateway to the West.” Population exploded. In three short years, the town had grown to an estimated 500-700 people, an impressive figure at the time.

At one time, Desoto was larger and busier than its main neighbor to the south, Omaha. The town hosted a wide variety of flourishing new businesses, facilities and buildings: hotels, saloons, stores, newspapers, banks and even churches and schools. All indications were that Desoto would become the dominant force and major metropolis of eastern Nebraska.

However, it was not to be.

location, location

The fall of Desoto began when news of gold strikes in Colorado began to circulate. Many residents decided to leave, hoping to find riches in the territories farther west.  However, the final nail in the town’s future hopes came in 1869. Desoto had been hoping to convince a new railroad company to build a terminus in their town. With the railroad would come more people, more goods and, of course, more money.

Those dreams went up in smoke when John I. Blair, one of the owners of the railroad’s franchises, convinced the railroad to cross the Missouri River three miles farther north. The location was seen as more advantageous as it offered a natural opening through the bluffs that marked the area.

Blair and the railroad purchased more than 1,000 acres of choice land then offered the land for sale at public auction. In reality, Blair purchased the entire tracts belonging to the original settlers, and it was he who sold the lots for a tidy profit. The town that sprang up around the railroad was Blair, named in his honor. The future of the new town was assured, while Desoto’s future came crashing down.

There is little evidence remaining that a thriving town called Desoto once sat on the Fort Calhoun plant site. While Desoto faded into the pages of history, Blair continues as an intrinsic part of Washington County. It now serves as the county seat. While all eyes turn to the future of Fort Calhoun Station, it is worth remembering that the land’s future and where it sits has deep roots in the past.

4 thoughts on “History of Fort Calhoun Station site”

  1. Great history lesson. Thank you. Calhoun produced 478 MW while taking up only 204 acres or about a third of a square mile. That reliable 24/7 power now has to be replaced by a vast solar array that eats up 5.5 square miles or even worse 45 square miles of wind turbines. Plus these sources cannot be depended upon 24/7. Some might question if this is progress!

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